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Bench Mark Sheet for 9493300, Point Lay, AK AK

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


To reach the tidal bench marks from the boat launch NW of the village of Point
Lay, proceed by boat 1.25 mi (2.07 km) WSW on the lagoon to the northern point
of the barrier island west of the new village of Point Lay and south of the
historical village location. The bench marks are located west and south of the
tide station along the base of the small grassy hills.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 B 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 B

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18792
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID#: BBBG54
LATITUDE:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74495)          LONGITUDE: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06521)


The primary bench mark is set 72.93 m (239.3 ft) north of bench mark 949 3300 C,
51.43 m (168.7 ft) WNW of bench mark 949 3300 A, and 9.21 m (30.2 ft) east of
the crest of a small grassy hill.  The bench mark is set 0.03 m (0.1 ft) below
grade, being the top of a stainless steel rod driven 3.63 m (11.9 ft) to
refusal, and encased in an 8-inch PVC pipe with NOS logo cover.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 A 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 A

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18791
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74481)          LONGITUDE: 163°  3.8' W (-163.06394)


The bench mark is set 84.16 m (276.1 ft) NE of bench mark 949 3300 C, 51.43 m
(168.7 ft) ESE of bench mark 949 3300 B, and 3.65 m (12.0 ft) west of the beach
and grass interface along the lagoon.  The bench mark is set 0.06 m (0.2 ft)
below grade, being the top of a stainless steel rod driven 3.14 m (10.3 ft) to
refusal, and encased in an 8-inch PVC pipe with NOS logo cover.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 C 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 C

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18793
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74431)          LONGITUDE: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06557)


The bench mark is set 94.28 m (309.3 ft) NNE of bench mark 949 3300 D, 84.16 m
(276.1 ft) SW of bench mark 949 3300 A, 72.93 m (239.3 ft) south of bench mark
949 3300 B, 51.9 m (170.3 ft) west of the top of beach berm along the lagoon,
and 11.15 m (36.6 ft) east of the crest of a small grassy hill along the
oceanside beach.  The bench mark is set 0.06 m (0.2 ft) below grade, being the
top of a stainless steel rod driven 2.22 m (7.3 ft) to refusal, and encased in
an 8-inch PVC pipe with NOS logo cover.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 D 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 D

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18794
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   69° 44.6' N (  69.74349)          LONGITUDE: 163°  4.0' W (-163.06621)


The bench mark is set 95.45 m (313.2 ft) north of bench mark 949 3300 E, 94.28 m
(309.3 ft) SSW of bench mark 949 3300 C, 56.4 m (185.0 ft) west of the top of
beach berm along the lagoon, and 12.15 m (39.9 ft) east of the crest of a small
grassy hill.  The bench mark is set 0.09 m (0.3 ft) below grade, being the top
of a stainless steel rod driven 2.01 m (6.6 ft) to refusal, and encased in an
8-inch PVC pipe with NOS logo cover.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 E 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 E

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18795
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   69° 44.6' N (  69.74264)          LONGITUDE: 163°  4.0' W (-163.06650)


The bench mark is set 98.72 m (323.9 ft) north of bench mark 949 3300 F, 95.45 m
(313.2 ft) south of bench mark 949 3300 D, 72.30 m (237.2 ft) NW of the edge of
vegetation along the smaller and northern most of two ponds, and 27.7 m (90.9
ft) east of the edge of vegetation along the ocean side beach.  The bench mark
is set 0.05 m (0.2 ft) below grade, being the top of a stainless steel rod
driven 2.16 m (7.1 ft) to refusal, and encased in an 8-inch PVC pipe with NOS
logo cover.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  3300 F 2008
                         DESIGNATION:          949 3300 F

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18851
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   69° 44.5' N (  69.74178)          LONGITUDE: 163°  4.0' W (-163.06694)


The bench mark is set 98.72 m (323.9 ft) south of bench mark 949 3300 E, 43.2 m
(141.7 ft) WNW of the edge of vegetation aroud a pond, and 34.1 m (111.9 ft)
east of the edge of vegetation along the ocean side beach.  The bench mark is
set 0.15 m (0.5 ft) below grade, being the top of a stainless steel rod driven
1.92 m (6.3 ft) to refusal.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at POINT LAY based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      2 MONTHS
     TIME PERIOD:           August 2008 - September 2008
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:   


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Sea Level (MSL), in METERS:

     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.000

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                                MSL

     3300 B 2008                                          3.403
     3300 A 2008                                          1.639
     3300 C 2008                                          3.619
     3300 D 2008                                          3.244
     3300 E 2008                                          3.447
     3300 F 2008                                          3.095


Foot Notes:

Bench mark 3300 F 2008 is based on one differential leveling connection and does
not meet the quality control standards of the NOS.  Therefore, caution should be
used when deriving elevations for this mark.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  6 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9493300                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/18/2011
Name:       POINT LAY                                         
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16005                           Latitude:   69° 44.7' N (  69.74472)
USGS Quad:  POINT LAY (D-2)                 Longitude: 163°  3.9' W (-163.06417)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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Products available at 9493300 Point Lay, AK, AK

Revised: 10/15/2013
NOAA / National Ocean Service
Web site owner: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services