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Bench Mark Sheet for 9469237, Point Spencer, Port Clarence AK

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


To reach the bench marks from the Nome airport, proceed east on Seppala Drive to
the three way intersection with Seppala Drive, FAA Road and Center Creek Road. 
Then proceed NE on Center Creek Road to the intersection with Little Creek Road,
then proceed east to the intersection with the Nome-Teller Highway, follow the
highway as it starts to head NNW and turns into the Bob Blodgett Highway, then
proceed 104 km (65 mi) NNW to Teller, from Teller by boat head 23 km (14 mi)
west to Point Spencer.  Alternate method: To reach the bench marks by plane from
the Nome airport fly 109 km (68 mi) NW to the Point Spencer USCG airstrip.  The
bench marks are located approximately 0.8 km (0.5 mi) ENE from the south end of
the gravel runway.  The bubbler orifices were located in the vicinity of the
bench marksoi.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NO 1 1950
                         DESIGNATION:          945 9237 TIDAL 1

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18003
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete block                        OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   65° 15.3' N (  65.25578)          LONGITUDE: 166° 51.0' W (-166.85011)


The primary bench mark is a disk set in a 0.58 m x 0.58 m (1.9 ft x 1.9 ft)
concrete block that is the remains of the NE footing for a 10 m (33 ft) tall
tower located on the east side of the spit and on the west side of Port
Clarence, 2.1 km (1.3 mi) south of Point Spencer, and 0.58 m (1.9 ft) above the
ground.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NO 2 1950
                         DESIGNATION:          945 9237 TIDAL 2

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18004
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete block                        OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   65° 15.3' N (  65.25572)          LONGITUDE: 166° 51.0' W (-166.85014)


The bench mark is a disk set in the 0.58 m x 0.58 m (1.9 ft x 1.9 ft) concrete
block that is the remains of the SE footing for a 10 m (33 ft) tall tower
located on the east side of the spit and on the west side of Port Clarence, 2.1
km (1.3 mi) south of Point Spencer, 35 m (114 ft) west of apparent MHW, and 0.58
m (1.9 ft) above ground.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NO 3 1950
                         DESIGNATION:          945 9237 TIDAL 3

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18005
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete block                        OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   65° 15.3' N (  65.25578)          LONGITUDE: 166° 51.0' W (-166.85022)


The bench mark is a disk set in the 0.58 m x 0.58 m (1.9 ft x 1.9 ft) concrete
block that is the remains of the NW footing for a 10 m (33 ft) tall tower
located on the east side of the spit and on the west side of Port Clarence, 2.1
km (1.3 mi) south of Point Spencer, and 35 m (114 ft) west of apparent MHW.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  9237 A 2005
                         DESIGNATION:          945 9237 A

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18006
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete block                        OPUS PID#: BBCC44
LATITUDE:   65° 15.5' N (  65.25831)          LONGITUDE: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84733)


The bench mark is a disk set in the northern corner of a 1.49 m x 1.49 m (4.9 ft
x 4.9 ft) tilted concrete block on the eastern beach of Point Spencer, 250 m
(820 ft) north of the remains of a 10 m (33 ft) tall tower, 25 m (82 ft) west of
apparent MHW, and 0.58 m (1.9 ft) above ground.  Note: The top of the disk is
tilted, leveled to the top of the high point of the disk.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  OBM RM 2 1945
                         DESIGNATION:          946 9237 OBM RM 2

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18007
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   65° 15.8' N (  65.26406)          LONGITUDE: 166° 50.5' W (-166.84189)


The bench mark is a disk set in a gravel section on the east side of the Port
Clarence spit, 1.4 km (0.9 mi) south of Point Spencer and 80 m (262 ft) from
apparent MHW.  The bench mark is crimped to a stainless steel rod driven to an
unspecified depth.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  OBM RM JULY 1944
                         DESIGNATION:          946 9237 OBM RM JULY

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18008
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   65° 15.8' N (  65.26414)          LONGITUDE: 166° 50.5' W (-166.84194)


The bench mark is a disk set in a gravel section on the east side of the Port
Clarence spit, 1.4 km (0.9 mi) south of Point Spencer, and 65 m (213 ft) from
apparent MHW.  The bench mark is crimped to a stainless steel rod driven to an
unspecified depth.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      45 DAYS
     TIME PERIOD:           July 20 - September 1 2010
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  9468756 NOME, NORTON SOUND


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  0.391
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  0.362
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.224
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  0.201
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.040
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     NO 1 1950                                   2.976    2.614
     NO 2 1950                                   3.000    2.638
     NO 3 1950                                   2.957    2.595
     9237 A 2005                                 3.622    3.260
     OBM RM 2 1945                               2.258    1.896
     OBM RM JULY 1944                            2.863    2.501


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  6 of  6

                                                                                
Station ID: 9469237                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/16/2010
Name:       POINT SPENCER, PORT CLARENCE                      
            AK
NOAA Chart: 16204                           Latitude:   65° 15.4' N (  65.25670)
USGS Quad:  TELLER (B-4)                    Longitude: 166° 50.8' W (-166.84700)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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Products available at 9469237 Point Spencer, Port Clarence, AK

Revised: 08/08/2018
NOAA / National Ocean Service
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