NOAA Web Site Link Tides and Currents Home Page Transparent placeholder image

Bench Mark Sheet for 9451005, POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT AK

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  4

                                                                                
Station ID: 9451005                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/09/2011
Name:       POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT                 
            AK
NOAA Chart: 17382                           Latitude:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)
USGS Quad:  PETERSBURG (A-3)                Longitude: 132° 41.8' W (-132.69700)


To reach the tidal bench marks from Wrangell, navigate west out of Wrangell
Harbor to Stikine Starit, continue south to Steamer Bay, then 2.76 km (1.5 nm)
east of the Mariposa Rock Red Buoy4.  The tidal bench marks are located along
the beach.  The tide station was located on the NE shore.    


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  1005 A 2000
                         DESIGNATION:          945 1005 A

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        16162
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Bedrock ledge                         OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)          LONGITUDE: 132° 43.8' W (-132.73000)


The primary bench mark is a disk embedded flush on a bedrock ledge  90 m (295
ft) north of a beach which is located in a southerly bend of the shoreline, 3.0
m (9.8 ft) from the tree line, and approximately 0.3 m (1 ft) below the apparent
high water line.  Note: At low water, the bedrock ledge extends approximately 20
m (66 ft) seaward.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  4

                                                                                
Station ID: 9451005                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/09/2011
Name:       POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT                 
            AK
NOAA Chart: 17382                           Latitude:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)
USGS Quad:  PETERSBURG (A-3)                Longitude: 132° 41.8' W (-132.69700)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  1005 B 2000
                         DESIGNATION:          945 1005 B

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        16163
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Bedrock                               OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)          LONGITUDE: 132° 43.8' W (-132.73000)


The bench mark is a disk embedded in bedrock located on the south edge of a
point located 130 m (426 ft) north of a beach in the southerly bend of the
shoreline, 3.0 m (9.8 ft) from tree line, and approximately 0.3 m (1 ft) below
the apparent high water line.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  1005 C 2000
                         DESIGNATION:          945 1005 C

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        16164
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Bedrock ledge                         OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)          LONGITUDE: 132° 43.8' W (-132.73000)


The bench mark is a disk embedded in a bedrock ledge located 40 m (131 ft) north
of a beach which is located in a southerly bend in the shoreline, 5 m (16 ft)
from the tree line, and 0.3 m (1 ft) below the apparent high water line.  Note:
The high point of bench mark 1005 C 2000 used in leveling is "DC" in "Washington
DC".

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  4

                                                                                
Station ID: 9451005                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/09/2011
Name:       POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT                 
            AK
NOAA Chart: 17382                           Latitude:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)
USGS Quad:  PETERSBURG (A-3)                Longitude: 132° 41.8' W (-132.69700)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      1 MONTH
     TIME PERIOD:           April 2000 - April 2000
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  9450460 KETCHIKAN, TONGASS NARROWS


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  4.863
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  4.591
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  2.526
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  2.516
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.462
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     1005 A 2000                                 5.411    0.820
     1005 B 2000                                 5.664    1.073
     1005 C 2000                                 5.258    0.667


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  4

                                                                                
Station ID: 9451005                         PUBLICATION DATE:  11/09/2011
Name:       POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT                 
            AK
NOAA Chart: 17382                           Latitude:   56° 10.7' N (  56.17830)
USGS Quad:  PETERSBURG (A-3)                Longitude: 132° 41.8' W (-132.69700)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

Return to Top
Products available at 9451005 POINT HARRINGTON, CLARENCE STRAIT, AK

Revised: 08/08/2018
NOAA / National Ocean Service
Web site owner: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services