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Bench Mark Sheet for 8766072, Freshwater Canal Locks LA

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8766072                         PUBLICATION DATE:  08/02/2011
Name:       FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS                            
            LA
NOAA Chart: 11354                           Latitude:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55500)
USGS Quad:  POINT AU FER                    Longitude:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30500)


To reach Freshwater Canal Locks from exit 87 (LA-35) on I-10 west, proceed south
on LA-35 for 15.1 km (9.4 mi), then turn left and continue west on LA-35 for 0.8
km (0.5 mi), turn left and stay south on LA-35 for 33.8 km (21.0 mi) to LA-82,
continue straight on LA-82 for 24.6 km (15.3 mi) to the dirt road LA-3147. Make
a slight left and continue south on LA-3147 for 2.9 km (1.8 mi), then turn left
at the yield sign and continue on LA-3147 for 15.6 km (9.7 mi) to the entrance
of Army Corps of Engineers Freshwater Bayou Locks.  The gauge is located south
of the locks on a cement section of the pier. The bench marks are located
throughout the property and in the park adjacent to the property.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  6072 A 2005
                         DESIGNATION:          876 6072 A

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        17966
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:  DJ9334
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Cement structure                      OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   29° 33.1' N (  29.55178)          LONGITUDE:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30525)


The primary bench mark is a disk set flush in the cement structure located south
of the locks, 4.425 m (14.518 ft) east of the western edge of the cement
structure, 3.46 m (11.35 ft) SE of a wind vane, and 1.10 m (3.61 ft) west of a
man hole cover.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8766072                         PUBLICATION DATE:  08/02/2011
Name:       FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS                            
            LA
NOAA Chart: 11354                           Latitude:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55500)
USGS Quad:  POINT AU FER                    Longitude:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30500)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  6072 C 2005
                         DESIGNATION:          876 6072 C

MONUMENTATION:           Metal Rod                             VM#:        17968
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID#:  DN4165
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod in sleeve         OPUS PID#: DN4165
LATITUDE:   29° 33.1' N (  29.55239)          LONGITUDE:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30536)


The bench mark is a metal rod located 20.15 m (66.108 ft) south of the southern
fence of the Army Corps property, 4.5 m (14.76 ft) east of the centerline of the
road and 1.85 m (6.069 ft) west of the rip rap sea wall.  The datum point is set
0.05 m (0.16 ft) below ground, driven 15.3 m (50.19 ft) to refusal, with a
sleeve extending to a depth of 0.5 m (1.64 ft), and encased in a 5-inch PVC pipe
with NOS logo cap.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8766072                         PUBLICATION DATE:  08/02/2011
Name:       FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS                            
            LA
NOAA Chart: 11354                           Latitude:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55500)
USGS Quad:  POINT AU FER                    Longitude:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30500)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:   
                         DESIGNATION:          24 R
                         ALIAS:                NO STAMPING

MONUMENTATION:           Bolt                                  VM#:        17969
AGENCY:                  US Army Corps of Engineers (COE)      IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Locks structure                       OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   29° 33.2' N (  29.55278)          LONGITUDE:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30544)


The bench mark is a brass bolt located in the most westernmost section of a
support wall in the southern locks, 0.89 m (2.92 ft) west of the cement/gravel
boundary of a road leading to the locks, 0.48 m (1.57 ft) south of a fence along
the road leading to the locks, and 0.30 m (0.98 ft) east of the most western
edge of the support wall.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  6072 D 2009
                         DESIGNATION:          876 6072 D

MONUMENTATION:           Flange-encased Rod                    VM#:        19603
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey/Service (NOS)   IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod without sleeve    OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55436)          LONGITUDE:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30567)


The bench mark is a flange-encased rod located 60.25 m (197.67 ft) of the corner
of the USACE main office, 20.95 m NW of the SW corner of the USACE machine shop,
16.29 m WSW of the NW corner of the USACE machine shop, 3.14 m (10.30 ft) SSW of
the SW corner of a concrete pad for a septic water pump, and 1.44 m (4.72 ft)
east of the fenceline on the westside of the USACE property.  The datum point is
set 5 cm below grade, being the top of a stainless steel rod driven 17.1 m (56.1
ft) to substancial resistance, in a sleeve extending to a depth of 0.92 m, and
encased in a 5-inch PVC pipe with NGS logo cap.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8766072                         PUBLICATION DATE:  08/02/2011
Name:       FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS                            
            LA
NOAA Chart: 11354                           Latitude:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55500)
USGS Quad:  POINT AU FER                    Longitude:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30500)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      4 YEARS
     TIME PERIOD:           4/2006-3/2008, 6/2009-5/2011
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  8770570 SABINE PASS NORTH


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     HIGHEST OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (09/12/2008)         =  3.088
     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  0.656
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  0.609
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  0.383
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.377
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.158
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000
     LOWEST  OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (12/23/2007)         = -0.898

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     6072 A 2005                                 2.500    1.891
     6072 C 2005                                 1.339    0.730
     24 R                                        2.272    1.663
     6072 D 2009                                 1.584    0.975


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8766072                         PUBLICATION DATE:  08/02/2011
Name:       FRESHWATER CANAL LOCKS                            
            LA
NOAA Chart: 11354                           Latitude:   29° 33.3' N (  29.55500)
USGS Quad:  POINT AU FER                    Longitude:  92° 18.3' W ( -92.30500)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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Products available at 8766072 Freshwater Canal Locks, LA

Revised: 08/08/2018
NOAA / National Ocean Service
Web site owner: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services