U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8534720                                PUBLICATION DATE:  04/29/2003
Name:       ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN                     
            NEW JERSEY
NOAA Chart: 12318                                  Latitude:         39° 21.3' N
USGS Quad:  ATLANTIC CITY                          Longitude:        74° 25.1' W


To reach the tidal bench marks from the intersection of the Atlantic City
Expressway and Pacific Avenue in Atlantic City, proceed north on Pacific Avenue
for 2.7 km (1.7 miles) to Virginia Avenue, Turn right onto Virginia Avenue and
go one block to the Boardwalk and the steel pier (the Taj Mahal Pier).  The
bench marks are located along Pacific Avenue and the Boardwalk, and the tide
station is located on the east end of the steel pier.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  4720 F 1991
                         DESIGNATION:          853 4720 F

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                        VM#:    10821
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)              PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete pier


The primary bench mark is a disk set in the concrete on the SW side of the 4th
level of the steel pier (the Taj Mahal Pier), 25.32 m (83.0 ft) WSW of the
western corner of the tide station, 8.60 m (28.2 ft) NW of the southern corner
of a chain link fence, and 1.37 m (4.5 ft) NE of the SW edge of the pier.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  4720 H 1993
                         DESIGNATION:          853 4720 H

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                        VM#:    10352
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)              PID#:  DG5885
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete foundation of sign


The bench mark is a disk set in the Taj Mahal sign foundation located at the SW
corner of the intersection of Pacific Avenue and Virginia Avenue, 33.41 m (109.6
ft) SE of the SE corner of an abandoned building, 27.67 m (90.8 ft) west of the
median strip on Virginia Avenue, 17.46 m (57.3 ft) south of the centerline of
Pacific Avenue, and 0.15 m (0.5 ft) above ground.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8534720                                PUBLICATION DATE:  04/29/2003
Name:       ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN                     
            NEW JERSEY
NOAA Chart: 12318                                  Latitude:         39° 21.3' N
USGS Quad:  ATLANTIC CITY                          Longitude:        74° 25.1' W


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  4720 C 1981
                         DESIGNATION:          853 4720 C

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                        VM#:    10817
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)               PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Sidewalk


The bench mark is a disk set in the concrete sidewalk NNW of the Boardwalk along
the west side of Danny Thomas Avenue, 33.80 m (110.9 feet) west of the NE corner
of Resorts Casino, 5.30 m (17.4 feet) WSW of a 1.52 m (5.0 feet) high concrete
wall, and 1.07 m (3.5 feet) north of the second door leading into the north side
of the casino.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  27659
                         DESIGNATION:          27659

MONUMENTATION:           Survey disk                               VM#:    10820
AGENCY:                  New Jersey Geodetic Control Survey        PID#:  JU4072
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Column foundation


The bench mark is a disk set vertically in the north face of the James Salt
Water Taffy Shop on the NE corner of the Resorts International Hotel-Casino
located at the intersection of the Boardwalk and Danny Thomas Avenue, 18.50 m
(60.7 ft) west of a fire hydrant, 5.00 m (16.4 ft) WSW of the SW corner of a
1.20 m (3.9 ft) high concrete wall, 0.40 m (1.3 ft) NNW of the SW face of the
building, and 0.09 m (0.3 ft) above the Boardwalk.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8534720                                PUBLICATION DATE:  04/29/2003
Name:       ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN                     
            NEW JERSEY
NOAA Chart: 12318                                  Latitude:         39° 21.3' N
USGS Quad:  ATLANTIC CITY                          Longitude:        74° 25.1' W


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  4720 G 1991
                         DESIGNATION:          853 4720 G

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                        VM#:    10822
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)              PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete pier


The bench mark is a disk set in the NW corner of the steel pier (the Taj Mahal
Pier), 30.48 m (100.0 ft) WSW of an amusement stand, 17.28 m (56.7 ft) SSW of
the southernmost square support column, and 0.91 m (3.0 ft) SE of the NW face of
the first pier level.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  4720 I 1993

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                        VM#:    11019
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)              PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Loading bay foundation


The bench mark is a disk set in a loading bay foundation on the east side of the
Quality Inn located at the intersection of Pacific Avenue and South Carolina
Avenue, 31.70 m (104.0 ft) SW of the parking garage in the Tannen Tower Building
at the intersection of Pacific Avenue and Chalfonte Avenue, 4.82 m (15.8 ft) NNW
of the steps leading to the loading bay, 3.78 m (12.4 ft) south of the Quality
Inn's maintenance entrance, and 0.67 m (2.2 ft) above ground.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8534720                                PUBLICATION DATE:  04/29/2003
Name:       ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN                     
            NEW JERSEY
NOAA Chart: 12318                                  Latitude:         39° 21.3' N
USGS Quad:  ATLANTIC CITY                          Longitude:        74° 25.1' W


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      19 Years
     TIME PERIOD:           January 1983 - December 2001
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:   


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     HIGHEST OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (12/11/1992)         =  2.738
     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  1.403
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  1.276
     North American Vertical Datum              NAVD88 =  0.797
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.675
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  0.663
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.051
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000
     LOWEST  OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (01/10/1978)         = -1.362

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     4720 F 1991                                 9.042    7.767
     4720 H 1993                                 3.297    2.021
     4720 C 1981                                 2.490    1.214
     27659                                       4.651    3.375
     4720 G 1991                                 5.554    4.279
     4720 I 1993                                 5.115    3.839


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8534720                                PUBLICATION DATE:  04/29/2003
Name:       ATLANTIC CITY, ATLANTIC OCEAN                     
            NEW JERSEY
NOAA Chart: 12318                                  Latitude:         39° 21.3' N
USGS Quad:  ATLANTIC CITY                          Longitude:        74° 25.1' W


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.