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Popular Publications

  1. Technical Report NOS-CO-OPS 074 - Gap Analysis of the Great Lakes Component of the National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON)
  2. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS CO-OPS 0048 - A Network Gaps Analysis for the National Water Level Observation Network – Updated Edition
  3. Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 077- Estimating Accuracies of Tidal Datums From Short Term Observations
  4. An Assessment of the Value of the Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS®) to the U.S. Economy
  5. The Value of PORTS® to the Nation
  6. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 070 - Error Analysis Procedures Used by the National Ocean Service to Compute Estimated Error Bounds for Tidal Datums in the Arctic Ocean
  7. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 073 - Sea Level Rise and Nuisance Flood Frequency Changes around the United States
  8. 2014 Supplemental Tidal Current Predictions for San Francisco Bay, CA
  9. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 072 - Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program, Test and Evaluation Report For WaterLog® H-3612 Radar Sensor in CO-OPS Air Gap Applications
  10. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 071 - Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program, Test and Evaluation Report For the Greenspan EC3000 Conductivity/Temperature Sensor
  11. Implementation of Procedures for Computation of Tidal Datums in Areas with Anomalous Trends in Relative Mean Sea Level - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 068
  12. Coastal Ocean Modeling Framework on NOAA's High Performance Computer (COMF-HPC) - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 069
  13. A Guide to CO-OPS SHEF and CREX Products - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 026
  14. Extreme Water Levels of the United States - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 067
  15. CO-OPS Strategic Plan 2015-2019
  16. Assessment of the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System(GOMX HAB-OFS) - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 066
  17. Estimating Vertical Land Motion from Long-Term Tide Gauge Records - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 065
  18. Tides Under the Ice: Measuring Water Levels at Barrow, Alaska 2008-2010 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 062
  19. Elevated East Coast Sea Level Anomaly: June-July 2009 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 051
  20. Sea Level Variations of the United States, 1854 - 2006 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 053
  21. Initial Operational Deployment Report, Miros Air Gap Sensor and Laser Sensor at the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 049
  22. Visibility Sensors Implementation Plan - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 055
  23. Tidal Analysis and Predictions - NOAA Special Publication NOS CO-OPS 3
  24. NOAA Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Report, Limited Acceptance of the Design Analysis WaterLog® H-3611i Microwave Radar Water Level Sensor - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 061
  25. Redundant Communications Solutions for PORTS® Acoustic Current Profiler Installations - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 057
  26. CO-OPS Strategic Plan 2010-2015
  27. CO-OPS Customer Satisfaction Survey Results
  28. CO-OPS Trifold
  29. PORTS® Program
  30. COASTAL Program
  31. National Currents Program
  32. NOAA Sentinels of the Coast
  33. Understanding Tides
  34. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of Houston/Galveston
  35. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of Tampa Bay
  36. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of the Columbia River
  37. CO-OPS Contribution to NOAA's 2005 Hurricane Season Response
  38. 150 Years of Tides on the Western Coast
  39. San Francisco Tides of History
  40. Tide and Current Glossary
  41. Fantastic Tidal Datums
  42. Tidal Currents Educational Pamphlet #4
  43. Network Gaps Analysis for the National Water Level Observation Network - NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS CO-OPS 048
  44. Understanding Sea Level Change
  45. Our Restless Tides

Historic Tide and Tidal Current Tables

  1. Click here for previously published Historic Tide and Tidal Current Tables

Technical Reports

  1. Technical Report NOS-CO-OPS 074 - Gap Analysis of the Great Lakes Component of the National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON)
  2. Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 077- Estimating Accuracies of Tidal Datums From Short Term Observations
  3. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 070 - Error Analysis Procedures Used by the National Ocean Service to Compute Estimated Error Bounds for Tidal Datums in the Arctic Ocean
  4. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 073 - Sea Level Rise and Nuisance Flood Frequency Changes around the United States
  5. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 072 - Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program, Test and Evaluation Report For WaterLog® H-3612 Radar Sensor in CO-OPS Air Gap Applications
  6. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 071 - Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program, Test and Evaluation Report For the Greenspan EC3000 Conductivity/Temperature Sensor
  7. Implementation of Procedures for Computation of Tidal Datums in Areas with Anomalous Trends in Relative Mean Sea Level - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 068
  8. Coastal Ocean Modeling Framework on NOAA's High Performance Computer (COMF-HPC) - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 069
  9. A Guide to CO-OPS SHEF and CREX Products - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 026
  10. Extreme Water Levels of the United States - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 067
  11. Assessment of the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System(GOMX HAB-OFS) - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 066
  12. Estimating Vertical Land Motion from Long-Term Tide Gauge Records - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 065
  13. Tides Under the Ice: Measuring Water Levels at Barrow, Alaska 2008-2010 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 062
  14. Elevated East Coast Sea Level Anomaly: June-July 2009 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 051
  15. Nowcast and Forecast Hydrodynamic Model Systems, NOS Procedures for Developing and Implementing Operational Nowcast and Forecast Systems for PORTS - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 020
  16. Assessment of the National Ocean Service's Tidal Current Program - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 022
  17. Currents in the St. John's River, Florida - Spring and Summer of 1998 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 025
  18. Effects of Hurricane Floyd on Water Levels - Data Report - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 027
  19. Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 030 - NWLON/DMS Quality Control Software (QC): Functional Requirements Documents
  20. National Physical Oceanographic Real-time System (PORTS) - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 031
  21. Towing Basin Speed Calibration of Acoustic Doppler Current Profiling Instruments - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 033
  22. Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program (OSTEP) Development Plan - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 034
  23. Historical Golden Gate Tidal Series - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 035
  24. NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 036 - Sea Level Variations of the United States 1854-1999
  25. Port of New York and New Jersey Operational Forecast System, Implementation Plan- Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 037
  26. Triaxys Directional Wave Buoy for Nearshore Wave Measurements-Test and Evaluation Plan - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 038
  27. NOS Procedures for Developing and Implementing Operational - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 039
  28. Effects of Hurricane Isabel on Water Levels - Data Report - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 040
  29. North Carolina Bathymetry/Topography Sea Level Rise Project: Determination of Sea Level Trends - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 041 - New Sept. 2004
  30. Microwave Air Gap-Bridge Clearance Sensor Test, Evaluation, and Implementation Support - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 042
  31. Test, Evaluation, and Implementation of Current Measurement Systems on Aids-To-Navigation - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 043
  32. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Installations - A Value of Information Approach - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 044
  33. Humboldt Bay Current Surveys: December 2002 to October 2004 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 046
  34. Annual Report of the Gulf of Mexico Harmful Algal Bloom Operational Forecast System - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 047
  35. Sea Level Variations of the United States, 1854 - 2006 - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 053
  36. Initial Operational Deployment Report, Miros Air Gap Sensor and Laser Sensor at the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 049
  37. Effects of the November 2009 Nor'easter on Water Levels - Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 056
  38. Technical Considerations for Use of Geospatial Data in Sea Level Change Mapping and Assessment - NOAA Technical Report NOS 2010-01.
  39. Visibility Sensors Implementation Plan - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 055
  40. Tidal Analysis and Predictions - NOAA Special Publication NOS CO-OPS 3
  41. NOAA Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Report, Limited Acceptance of the Design Analysis WaterLog® H-3611i Microwave Radar Water Level Sensor - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 061
  42. Redundant Communications Solutions for PORTS® Acoustic Current Profiler Installations - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 057

Manuals and Standards

CO-OPS Standard Operating Procedures, manuals, checklists, and other field-related technical documents are available in the CO-OPS Field Library. In November 2014, the following 8 documents will be removed from this page but remain available in the Field Library:
  1. Xpert Operations and Maintenance Manual, June 2010
  2. User's Guide for the Installation of Bench Marks and Leveling Requirements for Water Level Stations, October 1987
  3. User's Guide For Writing Bench Mark Descriptions, Updated January 2011
  4. User's Guide For Electronic Levels with Translev and Windesc, Updated August 2014
  5. User's Guide For GPS Observations, Updated March 2013
  6. CO-OPS Specifications and Deliverables for Installation, Operation, and Removal of Water Level Stations, Updated October 2013
  7. Water Level Station Specifications and Deliverables for Shoreline mapping Projects, Updated November 2013
  8. Standing Operating Procedure for Upgrading an Existing Water Level Station or Installing a New Water Level Station, May 2011

Data Collection Platform References

  1. Next Generation Water Level Measurement System (NGWLMS) Site Design, Preparation, and Installation Manual (NGWLMS Manual), January 1991

Sensor References

  1. CO-OPS Sensor Specifications and Measurement Algorithms

Benchmarks, Leveling and Geodetic References

  1. Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) Team Final Report

Contract Specifications and References

  1. Latest NOS Hydrographic Surveys Specifications and Deliverables

References for National Water Level Program

  1. Standing Project Instructions for Coastal and Great Lakes Water Level Stations
  2. CY 2014 Project Instructions for the Coastal and Great Lakes Water Level Stations
  3. Great Lakes - Establishment of International Great Lakes Datum (1955)
  4. Great Lakes - Establishment of International Great Lakes Datum (1985)
  5. Great Lakes - IGLD85 USACE Update No. 76
  6. Great Lakes - History of Water Level Gauges - Upper Great Lakes & the St. Clair Detroit Rivers - Jan 1978
  7. Great Lakes - History of Water Level Gauges - Lower Great Lakes & International Section of St. Lawrence River - Mar 1987

Communications and Data Formats References

  1. Information Systems Branch PORTS Uniform Flat File Format (PUFFF)
  2. Spatial Data Modifications and Enhancements (v1.2), August 2005
  3. Ocean Systems Test and Evaluation Program Data Communications Plan

References for Modeling Program (Currently In Revision)

    Data Processing and Analysis References

    1. Tide Datums and Their Applications - NOAA Special Publication NOS CO-OPS 1
    2. Computational Techniques for Tidal Datums Handbook - NOAA Special Publication NOS CO-OPS 2
    3. Tidal Current Analysis Procedures and Associated Computer Programs - NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS CO-OPS 021
    4. Manual of Harmonic Constant Reductions

    Storm Reports

    1. Storm Events Data Reports
    2. Effects of Hurricane Floyd on Water Levels - Data Report - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 027
    3. Effects of Hurricane Isabel on Water Levels - Data Report - NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 040
    4. Tropical Storm Isidore 2002 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    5. Hurricane Lili 2002 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    6. Tropical Storm Bill 2003 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    7. Hurricane Claudette 2003 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    8. Hurricane Charley 2004 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    9. Hurricane Frances 2004 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    10. Hurricane Ivan 2004 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    11. Hurricane Jeanne 2004 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    12. Hurricane Cindy 2005 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    13. Hurricane Dennis 2005 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    14. Hurricane Katrina 2005 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    15. Hurricane Rita 2005 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    16. Hurricane Wilma 2005 Preliminary Water Levels Report
    17. Tropical Storm Ernesto 2006 Verified Water Level Report
    18. Hurricane Gustav 2008 Water Levels and Meteorological Report
    19. Hurricane Ike 2008 Water Levels and Meteorological Report
    20. Hurricane Irene 2011 Water Level and Meteorological Data Report
    21. Hurricane Isaac 2012 Water Level and Meteorological Data Report
    22. Hurricane Sandy 2012 Water Level and Meteorological Data Report

    Technical Memorandums

    1. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS CO-OPS 0048 - A Network Gaps Analysis for the National Water Level Observation Network – Updated Edition
    2. Tidal Characteristics and Datums of Laguna Madre, Texas - NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OES 008
    3. NOAA Technical Memorandum "NOS NGS-58, Guidelines for Establishing GPS-Derived Ellipsoid Heights (Standards 2 cm and 5 cm), version 4.3", November 1997

    Other Reports

    1. 2014 Supplemental Tidal Current Predictions for San Francisco Bay, CA
    2. Water Level Observation Network for Central America
    3. CO-OPS Strategic Plan 2010-2015
    4. CO-OPS Customer Satisfaction Survey Results
    5. CO-OPS Trifold
    6. PORTS® Program
    7. COASTAL Program
    8. National Currents Program
    9. NOAA Sentinels of the Coast
    10. Understanding Tides
    11. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of Houston/Galveston
    12. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of Tampa Bay
    13. Estimating Economic Benefits from NOAA PORTS Information - A Case Study of the Columbia River
    14. CO-OPS Contribution to NOAA's 2005 Hurricane Season Response
    15. 150 Years of Tides on the Western Coast
    16. San Francisco Tides of History
    17. Tide and Current Glossary
    18. Fantastic Tidal Datums
    19. Tidal Currents Educational Pamphlet #4
    20. Network Gaps Analysis for the National Water Level Observation Network - NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS CO-OPS 048
    21. Understanding Sea Level Change
    22. Our Restless Tides
    23. CO-OPS Strategic Plan 2015-2019

    Revised: 10/15/2013
    NOAA / National Ocean Service
    Web site owner: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services